Julius Rolshoven (1858 - 1930)
Julius C. Rolshoven
by Robert Parsons
and Ashley Rolshoven
Rolshoven loved Taos and Santa Fe. "Nowhere else have I seen nature provide everything, even the conception, as it does in New Mexico." Rolshoven died in 1930 on an ocean voyage to see his 92 year old mother for Christmas. She died that same day as well.
His works are now scarce, very difficult to find and only rarely available for sale.
Julius Rolshoven Quotes
Rolshoven said, "I have traveled all over Europe and Northern Africa in search of atmosphere
but nowhere else have I seen nature provide everything, even the conception, as it does in New Mexico." (Jan. 20, 1918)
Julius Rolshoven was active and lived in New Mexico, Michigan and Europe.
He is known for portrait, figure, genre and landscape painting.
"Rolshoven, too, was endowed by nature with the artistic temperament,
making it especially difficult for him to adapt himself to routine work" - Heermann
He was extremely talented with the medium of pastels,
and these comprise some of his most powerful and beautiful works of Taos and Santa Fe.
He is acknowledged to be one of the most talented of the Taos Society of Artists.
He was missing from the famous portrait of the Taos Artists, or he would be much better known.
He was born on 28 October 1858 in Detroit.
He was active and lived in New Mexico, Michigan and Europe.
Rolshoven is known for his portrait, figure, genre and landscape painting.
As the son of a German jeweler he acquired designing skills while working for his father.
And then, the art works he viewed at the 1876 Philadelphia Exhibition fired his imagination.
He studied at Cooper Union Academy in New York in 1877 and with Ernst Plassman, after he was rejected by the National Academy of Design in 1876.
In 1878, he was a student at the Academie of Dusseldorf and the Royal Academy of Munich with Frank Duveneck Ludwig von Löfftz, and under Hugo Crola.
He was one of the "Duveneck Boys, " which included John W. Alexander, J. Frank Currier, John H. Twachtman, Ross Turner and Harper Pennington.
He went on to study with Adolphe Bouguereau and Robert-Fleury at Académie Julian in 1882.
He stayed there as a teacher for 6 years.
His works were shown at Paris in the National Academy for 1885 and 1889.
At the Paris Universal Exposition in 1889, he was awarded a second-class silver medal.
He started teaching Art in Paris in 1890, then he taught in London in 1896.
He relocated to London in 1896, and Rolshoven's wife (Anna Chickering of the piano manufacturing family)
died the next year.
In 1899 he won the second medal of the Paris Exhibition.
He won an Honorable Mention for “My Great-grandmother's Finery” at the Exposition Universelle in 1900.
He won a bronze medal at the Pan-American Exposition, Buffalo, in 1901.
A silver medal at the St. Louis Exposition in 1904.
He won medals from Munich, Berlin, Brussels, Florence and Chicago.
In 1910 he moved to Northern Africa and created a series of Tunisian paintings.
He showed an an Italian scene at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in 1915.
He and his second wife, Harriette Haynes Blazo, moved to Santa Fe in 1916 where they honeymooned.
Rolshoven was elected to the Taos Society of Artists in 1917, before Victor Higgins, Walter Ufer, Ernest Hennings and Kenneth Adams. His early election was a sign of his extreme talent.
His artistic ability was immediately recognized as equal or superior to the other members.
Rolshoven became an associate member of the Taos Society of Artists 1917 and an active (Full) member in 1918.
He was the senior member of the Taos Society of Artists, being one year older than JH Sharp.
Because he was absent from the famous historic photo of the Taos Society of Artists, he is not as well known.
He showed an exhibition of his New Mexico paintings at Detroit in 1923.
In 1924 he won the Richard S. Greenberg memorial prize of the Newport, Rhode Island Art Association.
He was a member of the National Academy of Design and in the National Arts Club, New York.
Memberships also included the Secession, Munich; the Society of Arts and Letters, Paris;
the Foreign Arts Club and the Bene Merensa Society di Belle Arti, Florence;
the International Fine Arts Congress; the Detroit Fine Arts Society; and, of course, The Taos Society of Artists.
He was elected to Associate Academician of the National Academy in New York in 1926.
Rolshoven created a studio in Santa Fe at the Palace of the Governors. He often painted under a white open tent,
because of the intensity of the high desert light.
Rolshoven’s time in Taos was short, from 1916 to 1920.
He died December 7, 1930, in New York City while traveling to see his mother in Detroit.
He died in 1930 on an ocean voyage to see his 92 year old mother for Christmas. She died that same day as well.
His works are now scarce, very difficult to find and rarely available for sale.
Julius Rolshoven Highest Auction Prices
"Field of Poppies" Price: $277,500
"Assisi Market Girls" Price: $181,000
"Taos Warriors" Price: $150,000
"Sun Arrow" Price: $77,680
"Indian Dancer" Price: $70,000
Julius Rolshoven Museum Collections
Detroit Historical Museum
Detroit Institute of Arts
El Paso Museum of Art
Metropolitan Museum of Art
Museum of The Southwest
National Portrait Gallery
New Mexico Museum of Art
Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum
San Diego Museum of Art
The Brooklyn Museum of Art
The Newark Museum
The Smithsonian Institution
The University of New Mexico
Union League Club of Chicago
Watson Gallery, Wheaton College
Important Rolshoven Paintings
"Florentine Boys" (1884)
"Hall in the Doge's Palace, Venice" (ca. 1888
"A Spanish Dancer"
"My Great-grandmother's Finery"
"From Tuscan Wanderings"
Julius Rolshoven Exhibitions
Centennial Exposition 1876, Philadelphia
Louisiana Purchase Expo, St. Louis World's Fair 1904
National Academy of Design, New York
Panama Pacific Exhibition of 1915
Society of Independent Artists
World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1892-1893
The Salon and the Sociate Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Paris
The Munich Secession
Chelsea Art Club, London
Julius Rolshoven Memberships
National Academy of Design and in the National Arts Club, New York
The Secession, Munich
The International Fine Arts Congress;
The Taos Society of Artists
The Detroit Fine Arts Society
The Society of Arts and Letters, Paris
The Foreign Arts Club
The Bene Merensa Societa di Belle Arti, Florence
Julius Rolshoven Awards
In 1899, the second medal of the Paris Exhibition.
In 1900, an Honorable Mention for “My Great-grandmother's Finery” at the Exposition Universelle
In 1901, a bronze medal at the Pan-American Exposition, Buffalo
In 1904, a silver medal at the St. Louis Exposition.
He won medals from Munich, Berlin, Brussels, Florence and Chicago.
In 1924, the Richard S. Greenough memorial prize of the Newport, Rhode Island, Art Association
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